Good examples of ‘reliably’ criteria in PIP at DWP pip-assessment-guide paragraphs 3.3.41 and 3.3.43 –
Mobility Activity 2
Mr Y is able to stand and move with a walking stick. He can walk up to 50 metres at a slightly slowed pace with some discomfort. After this distance he starts to experience increasing hip pain. He can continue to walk, but his pace slows even further and after 100 metres he needs to stop and rest. This takes a lot out of him and for a few hours after, he is unable to go more than a few steps without experiencing further severe hip pain. It takes Mr Y between one and two minutes to walk 50 metres the first time.
In the Moving Around activity, the HP should work their way through the descriptors considering each aspect of reliability, to find the one that best describes Mr Y’s ability to complete the activity reliably.
Repeatedly – Mr Y has to stop and rest after walking 100 metres and experiences increasing discomfort after the first 50 metres. It is then several hours before he can walk this distance again. As this is not as often as would reasonably be expected, Mr Y cannot be said to complete the activity repeatedly. He can repeatedly manage a few steps using his stick, which is less than 20 but more than 1 metre, therefore descriptor E best describes how he is able to repeatedly move around.
In a reasonable time period – Mr Y can walk the first 50 metres in a minute or two. Although slower than normal, this is a reasonable time period for someone to walk this distance and therefore he can complete the activity in a reasonable time period. The HP therefore concludes that Mr Y can stand and then move more than 1 metre but no more than 20 metres, and selects descriptor E.
Daily Living Activity 1: cooking
Ms Z can prepare and cook a simple meal. However she lacks a perception of danger and occasionally cuts herself from mishandling knives or burns herself on hot pans. She is also impatient and does not cook food for as long as it should be cooked, as a result she prepares food that is lukewarm and meat that is not cooked properly 95 – for example, chicken that is pink in the middle. Her sister usually has to be in the kitchen when she is cooking meals to make sure she does so safely and to remind her to leave food to cook fully.
In the Preparing Food activity, the HP should work their way through the descriptors considering each aspect of reliability, to find the one that best describes Ms Z’s ability to complete the activity reliably.
Safely – Ms Z lacks a perception of danger and has previously cut and burnt herself. The HP should therefore conclude that descriptor A is not suitable for Ms Z as she cannot do so safely. Descriptor B, descriptor C and descriptor D are also not suitable as they do not remove the potential danger from using knives and hot pans. Descriptor E reflects the support that Ms Z needs in order to ensure her safety while cooking and is therefore the most suitable descriptor regarding safety.
To an acceptable standard – Ms Z is impatient and does not cook food for as long as it should be cooked. As a result the food is lukewarm and meat is not cooked through. The HP must consider whether that is an acceptable standard and in this case would conclude it is not. The HP should therefore conclude that descriptor A is not suitable because Ms Z is unable to do so to an acceptable standard. Descriptor B and descriptor C are also not suitable as they do not help Ms Z to complete the task to an acceptable standard.
Descriptor D best describes how Ms Z is able to cook a meal to an acceptable standard and is therefore the most suitable descriptor regarding the standard.
In this case there are two possible descriptors – D and E. For a descriptor to apply, all aspects of reliability must be satisfied. As 96 descriptor D does not describe a manner in which Ms Z is able to carry out the activity safely, the HP should select descriptor E.